Brief information about The Czech Association of Twins and Multiple Birth Clubs and some details about social benefits, about Czech Republic and statistics multiples
The Czech and Moravian Association of Twins and Multiple Birth Clubs Českomoravská asociace Klubů dvojčat a vícerčat (CAKDAV)
The first Twins and Multiple birth Club in the Czech Rebublic was found in the year 1995 abbording to the TAMBA. The Twins Clubs operate through a system of self-help groups and solidarity among the parents of twins and multiples. There are now about 55 Twins and Multiple Birth Clubs all over the Czech Republic and new branches join every year. Representatives of the regional branches set up the The Czech and Moravian Association of Twins and Multiple Birth Clubs in 2003 in order to better coordinate and further twins’ interests and needs among specialists and the general public. The head of office is located in Prague, the capital of Czech Republic.
The mission of the Association of Twins and Multiple Birth Clubs is to promote the interests of families with multiples and to raise awareness about their specific needs.
· Support for families with twins and multiples, raising awareness about the special needs of families with multiple children and the development of the network of Twins and Multiple Birth Clubs in the Czech Republic
· Creating all the conditions and aspects necessary for improving the quality and quantity of the information provided to families with twins and multiples and promoting their interests with regards to the state authorities
· Presenting proposals and recommendations concerning all laws, regulations and activities that may affect the needs of families with multiple children in the Czech Republic
AREAS OF ACTIVITY:
· Conferences, seminars and lectures attended by leading experts
· The coordinated running of Twins and Multiple Birth Clubs all over the country
· Publications concerning issues that affect families with twins and multiples, including translations from foreign sources
· Consultation services for both people working with twins and multiples (medical staff, teachers, psychologists) and parents of twins and multiples, adolescent and adult twins.
We offer systematic support in setting up and running Twins and Multiple Birth Clubs, expert advice (pedagogical, psychological, social and lactation), lectures and seminars with topics focusing on twins and multiples (ranging from birth to adulthood).
THE RESOURESES AND FINANCING OF CAKDAV
The staff works as volunteers (board members, advisors, leaders of some Twins clubs, organizers of workshops, seminars, conferences). The other costs (booklet printing, rent space for conferences, seminars and workshops, travel costs) are paied by the subsidy from the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA), membership fees and donors.
Local Twins and multiple birth clubs are run by volunteers, donors or their own grants by MoLSA or other.
SOCIAL POLICY IN CZECH REPUBLIC
State social support
The term state social support indicates the benefits provided to families in socially acknowledged situations where the state partially assumes the co-responsibility for the arisen social situation by paying out said benefits. The following benefits are provided within the framework of the state social support system: the child allowance, the parental allovance, the social allowance, the housing allowance, the birth grant, the funeral grant and the foster care benefits.
The only benefit for multiplebirth families is the prolonged maternity leave.
A female employee (mother) is entitled, in relation to childbirth and care of the newborn baby, to the maternity leave for the period of 28 weeks; if the mother gave concurrent birth to two or multiple children, she shall be entitled to the maternity leave for the period of 37 weeks.
A female employee would as a rule commence her maternity leave from the beginning of the sixth week prior to the expected birth date, however no earlier than from the beginning of the eighth week before that date.
The entitlement to parental allowance has parent that a full calendar month personally all day and properly cares for a child who is the youngest in the family, until the exhaustion of the total amount of CZK 220 000 (about 8 800 Euro) and up to 4 years of age.
There is no benefit for twins or multiples.
If you have triplets or quadruplets, you have the right to care person paied by the state for children under the age of 4 years.
GENERAL INFORMATIONS ABOUT CZECH REPUBLIC
Czech Republic has:
– about 10 milions inhabitans
– about 1.4 children per one woman
GENERAL INFORMATIONS ABOUT MULTIPLE RESEARCH IN CZECH REPUBLIC
There are no global research about twins in Czech. The only research was the longitudial study about the twins inheritance of intelligence. There are some individual researches within theses about life as twin or as parent of twins. There are presented on our seminars or conferences. Our statistical office collects the number of twins and multiples born in the year.
STATISTICS ABOUT MULTIPLES
The multiples that are born in the Czech Republic are almost always twins. The triplets are rare and are mainly connected with IVF reproduction. The number of births of twins in relation to singleton births is 1:48. The following tables present the development of multiple birth in numbers and percentage.
Table 1: Number of births in 2003-2009
|total number of births||92335||96078||100546||103985||112605||117429||116261|
|From that:twins||1 591||1 813||1 926||2 115||2 298||2 381||2 378|
Table 2: Birth rate in%
Made by PaedDr. Klara Vitkova Rulikova, the chairwoman of CAKDAV, in 2012
e-mail : dvojcata(et)atlas.cz, tel.: +420 602 144 206